homeabout usprincipal messageprincipal messageDirector messagedricter measseagecampusemail

Office 4,First Floor Royal Plaza,6th Road,Rawalpindi,Islamabad,Pakistan. +92-0321-9045723, +92-0333-9881219

  • SEO(Search Engine Optimization)Course 
    PHP
  • Visual Basic
  • C++
  • MS Access With Database
  • IELTS & City Guilds
  • Safety Management

Auto electrician course, Auto electrician engineering diploma course in World Wide Acceptable with UK/USA/Pak/U.A.E International Certifications in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Institute of Professional Education and Development (IPED INSTITUTE), take this opportunity to introduce ourselves as one among the leading institutes in Pakistan, imparting training in Nebosh IGC, Safety Officer, Iosh MS, Osha 30 Hours, Occupational Health and Safety, Petroleum Engineering, Oil and Gas Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer IT, Mechanical Engineering, Civil Lab Technician, Primavera P6, Hydraulics, Drilling Engineering, Quality Control, Quality Assurance, Hotel Management, Event Management, Basic Computer, CCNA Networking, Mobile Repairing, Auto EFI, EFI Electrician, Auto Mobile, Mobile Software, Software Engineering, SAP Erp, Quick Books, Tally ERP, PeachTree, Accounting Diploma, Cheff and Cook, Civil surveyor, Land surveyor, Quantity surveyor, Auto-Cad, 3D Max, Revit, GIS, Rig & Reservoir Engineering, Business Management, Web development, Web Designing, Project Management, Risk Management Project Planning & Scheduling, Information Technology, Cyber Security, Structural Engineering Software and Computer Aided Design, Graphic Designing, Chemical engineering, A+ hardware, Laptop repairing, Post Graduate Diploma, MSCE course, Disaster Management, Human Resource Management, Air-ticketing, HVAC course, Medical sciences course. IPED has introduced new courses Idiposh level 6 UK, Grad Iosh, Icertosh, Professional Shorthand course, Stenotypest course, QMS course, Quality Management system, Lead Auditor, ISO 9001-2000, Envoirmental Management System, OHSAS 18001 Occupational Health & Safety Management System, ISO 9001 Quality , ISO 14001 Envoirmental, Supply chain management. IPED Institute is a premier Technical Institute in Rawalpindi, Islamabad & Pakistan. Our aim is to empower the youth with the powerful weapon that is Technical Education by offering some exceptionally good technical courses that will enhance their skill set and lead to terrific job opportunities. By enhancing your skill set in the rapidly growing field of Technical Education, you are benefited in more than one ways, you can simply learn a new skill to add to your existing qualifications or you can have Practical Training for a course that would lead to a job on its own. Technical Education has become vital to the existence of the present day world, from small corporations to big multinational companies, there is a rapid shift from manual work to technology-assisted work. This has created huge opportunities for those who have acquired Technical education. We have a team of dedicated and professional teachers with years of experience in the field of Technical Courses. We not merely deliver the course content; we impart each and everything to arm you with exceptional skills in your selected course. Almost all of our students succeed in landing a job instantly after completing the course.Our Diploma and Certificate are acceptable and valid value's in different countries of the world (middle east, gulf, ksa, saudiarabia, oman, qatar, behrain, uk, usa, australia, newzeland, westindies, southafrica, sirilanka, malaysia, dubai, swedan, denmark, uk, paris, japan, china, hongkong). Every year thousands of the students referred from renowned Govt organizations like navttc, ntb, sdc, ttb, ogdcl, ptcl, navy, army, police, rescue, ndma, cda, lda, wapda, lesco, iesco, sngpl etc to IPED Institute. IPED institute is affiliated with Govt of Pakistan and we provide Govt registered fast track diploma courses in all over Pakistan. IPED institute is accredited with TTB(Trade testing Board), SDC(Skill Development Council) and International bodies. Iped institute provides the best quality education in technical vocational trades in one or two years diploma courses in three different tracks of education like regular classes (five days a week), distance learning process (students can prepare via two assignments), experienced based courses (with their 5 years experience letter of any relevant company). IPED institute affiliated with three technical boards of govt of Pakistan SDC(SKILL DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL)GOVT OF PUNJAB,TTB(TRADE TESTING BOARD) GOVT OF KPK, TTPC(UNDER THE SKILL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION) GOVT OF PUNJAB. Weekend Classes also available for all technical courses. The institute has big technical labs, libraries, furnished classrooms with multimedia, centrally air-conditioned facilities, large playground and cafeteria, communication system, executive hostel, facilities with lavishing mess, students from different cities of Pakistan are enjoying their education in IPED Pakistan.

**HOSTEL AND TRANSPORT FACILITY AVAILABLE **For Registration of courses Contact Us at** 0321-9045723, 0333-9881219, 0321-4278510

Students from different cities can apply for Admission

Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Gilgit, Skardu, Ghangche, taxila, Shigar, Astore, Diamer, Ghizer, Kharmang, Gultari, Rondo, Hunza Nagar, Gupi, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, Bhimber, Kotli, Rawlakot, Bagh, Bahawalpur, Bhakkar, Chakwal, Chiniot, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Hafizabad, Jhang, Jhelum, Kasur, Khanewal, Khushab, Layyah, Lodharan, Mandi-Bahuddin, Mianwali, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Nankana Sahib, Narowal, Okara, Pakpattan, Rahim Yar Khan, Rajanpur, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Sheikhupura, Sialkot, Toba tek Singh, Vehari, Attock, Taxila, Wah Cantt, Rawalpindi, Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh, Gilgit Baltistan, Turbat, Sibi, Chaman, Lasbela, Zhob, Gwadar, Nasiraba, Jaffarabad, Hub, Dera Murad Jamali, Dera Allah Yar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar, Mardan, Abbottabad, Mingor, Kohat, Bannu, Swabi, Dera Ismail Khan, Charsadda, Nowshera, Mansehra, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Larkana, Nawabshah, Nanak wara, Mirpur Khas, Jacobabad, Shikarpur, Khairpur, Pakistan.

COURSE CONTENT:

  • Monitor Environmental And Sustainability Best Practice In The Automotive Mechanical Industry
  • Apply Safe Working Practices In An Automotive Workplace
  • Use And Maintain Automotive Electrical Test Equipment
  • Carry Out Soldering Of Electrical Wiring And Circuits
  • Demonstrate Knowledge Of Automotive Electrical Circuits And Wiring Systems
  • Install, Test And Repair Vehicle Lighting And Wiring Systems
  • Fabricate, Test And Repair Wiring Harnesses And Looms
  • Test And Repair Basic Electrical Circuits
  • Demonstrate Knowledge Of Petrol And Diesel Engine Operation
  • Diagnose And Repair Electronic Spark Ignition Engine Management Systems
  • Diagnose And Repair Electronic Compression Ignition Engine Management Systems
  • Test, Charge And Replace Batteries
  • Install Ancillary Electronic Control Unit Systems And Components
  • Diagnose And Repair Instruments And Warning Systems
  • Diagnose and repair charging systems
  • Diagnose And Repair Ignition Systems
  • Repair Electrical Systems
  • Service And Repair Electronic Body Management Systems
  • Service And Repair Electronic Drive Management Systems
  • Carry Out Diagnostic Procedures
  • Remove And Replace Supplementary Restraint Systems

Course Duration

  • 1 year
  • 2 year

Class

  • 5 Days a Weeks

Class Timing

  • Evening & Morning Shift

Total Fee

  • 30000-55000

Auto electrician training institute Rawalpindi, Auto electrician training institute Islamabad, Auto electrician training institute Pakistan, Auto electrician training institute Lahore, Auto electrician training institute Karachi, Auto electrician training insitute Peshawar, Auto electrician training institute quetta, Auto electrician training institute wah cantt, Auto electrician training institute murree, Auto electrician training institute kotli, Auto electrician training institute mirpur, Auto electrician training institute kahuta, Auto electrician training institute gujar khan, Auto electrician training institute sohawa, Auto electrician training institute dina, Auto electrician training institute Jhelum, Auto electrician training kharian, Auto electrician training institute gujrat, Auto electrician training institute Gujranwala, Auto electrician training institute kasur, Auto electrician training institute Faisalabad, Auto electrician training institute Sargodha, Auto electrician training institute khushab, Auto electrician training institute mianwali, Auto electrician training institute talagang, Auto electrician training institute pindigheb, Auto electrician training institute attock, Auto electrician training institute taxila, Auto electrician training institute abbottabad, Auto electrician training institute mansehra, Auto electrician training institute muzaffarabad, Auto electrician training institute bagh, Auto electrician training institute rawlakot, Auto electrician training institute hajira, top leading Auto electrician training institute mgora, Auto electrician training institute mardan, Auto electrician training institute swabi, Auto electrician training institute nowshera, Auto electrician training institute bannu, Auto electrician training institute kohat, Auto electrician training institute dera ismail khan, Auto electrician training institute dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician training institute rahim yar khan, Auto electrician training institute sadiqabad, Auto electrician training institute Bahawalpur, Auto electrician training institute sheikhupura, Auto electrician training institute charsadda, Auto electrician training course provider risalpur, Auto electrician training course provider Rawalpindi, Auto electrician training course provider Islamabad, Auto electrician training course provider Lahore, Auto electrician training course provider Karachi, Auto electrician training course provider Peshawar, Auto electrician training course provider quetta, Auto electrician training course provider wah cantt, Auto electrician training course provider murree, Auto electrician training course provider kotli, Auto electrician training course provider mirpur, Auto electrician training course provider kahuta, Auto electrician training course provider gujar khan, Auto electrician training course provider sohawa, Auto electrician training course provider dina, Auto electrician training course provider Jhelum, Auto electrician training course provider kharian, Auto electrician training course provider gujrat, Auto electrician training course provider Gujranwala, Auto electrician training course provider kasur, Auto electrician training course provider Faisalabad, Auto electrician training course provider Sargodha, Auto electrician training course provider khushab, Auto electrician training course provider mianwali, Auto electrician training course provider talagang, Auto electrician training course provider pindigheb, Auto electrician training course provider attock, Auto electrician training course provider taxila, Auto electrician training course provider abbottabad, Auto electrician training course provider mansehra, Auto electrician training course provider muzaffarabad, Auto electrician leading training course bagh, Auto electrician leading training course rawlakot, Auto electrician leading training course provider hajira, Auto electrician training provider course mgora, Auto electrician training provider mardan, Auto electrician training provider swabi, Auto electrician training provider nowshera, Auto electrician training provider bannu, Auto electrician training provider kohat, Auto electrician training provider dera ismail khan, Auto electrician training provider dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician training provider rahim yar khan, Auto electrician training provider sadiqabad, Auto electrician training provider Bahawalpur, Auto electrician training provider sheikhupura, Auto electrician training provider charsadda, Auto electrician training cours Auto electrician training provider e risalpur, Auto electrician job training Rawalpindi, Auto electrician job training , Auto electrician job training Islamabad, Auto electrician job training Pakistan, Auto electrician job training Lahore, Auto electrician job training Karachi, Auto electrician job training Peshawar, Auto electrician job training quetta, Auto electrician job training wah cantt, Auto electrician job training murree, Auto electrician job training kotli, Auto electrician job training mirpur, Auto electrician job training kahuta, Auto electrician job training gujar khan, Auto electrician job training sohawa, Auto electrician Auto electrician job training dina, Auto electrician job training Jhelum, Auto electrician job training kharian, Auto electrician job training gujrat, Auto electrician job training Gujranwala, Auto electrician job training kasur, Auto electrician job training Faisalabad, Auto electrician job training Sargodha Auto electrician job training khushab, Auto electrician job training mianwali, Auto electrician job training talagang, Auto electrician job training pindigheb, Auto electrician job training attock, Auto electrician job training taxila, Auto electrician job training abbottabad, Auto electrician job training mansehra, Auto electrician job training muzaffarabad, Auto electrician job training bagh, Auto electrician job training rawlakot, Auto electrician job training hajira, Auto electrician job training mgora, Auto electrician job training mardan, Auto electrician job training swabi, Auto electrician job training nowshera, Auto electrician job training bannu, Auto electrician job training kohat, Auto electrician job training dera ismail khan, Auto electrician job training dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician job training rahim yar khan, Auto electrician job training sadiqabad, Auto electrician job training Bahawalpur, Auto electrician job training sheikhupura, Auto electrician job training charsadda, Auto electrician job training risalpur, Auto electrician course Rawalpindi, Auto electrician course Islamabad, Auto electrician course Pakistan, Auto electrician course Lahore, Auto electrician course Karachi, Auto electrician course Peshawar, Auto electrician course quetta, Auto electrician course wah cantt, Auto electrician course murree, Auto electrician course kotli, Auto electrician course mirpur, Auto electrician course kahuta, Auto electrician course gujar khan, Auto electrician course sohawa, Auto electrician course dina, Auto electrician course Jhelum, Auto electrician course kharian, Auto electrician course gujrat, Auto electrician course Gujranwala, Auto electrician course kasur, Auto electrician course Faisalabad, Auto electrician course Sargodha, Auto electrician course khushab, Auto electrician course mianwali, Auto electrician course talagang, Auto electrician course pindigheb, Auto electrician course attock, Auto electrician course taxila, Auto electrician course abbottabad, Auto electrician course mansehra, Auto electrician course muzaffarabad, Auto electrician course bagh, Auto electrician course rawlakot, Auto electrician course hajira, Auto electrician course mgora, Auto electrician course mardan Auto electrician course swabi Auto electrician course nowshera, Auto electrician course bannu, Auto electrician course kohat, Auto electrician course ismail khan, Auto electrician course dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician course rahim yar khan, Auto electrician course sadiqabad, Auto electrician course Bahawalpur, Auto electrician Auto electrician course sheikhupura, Auto electrician course charsadda, Auto electrician course risalpur, top Auto electrician job training Rawalpindi, top Auto electrician job training Islamabad, top Auto electrician job training Lahore, top Auto electrician job training Pakistan, top Auto electrician job training Karachi, top Auto electrician job training Peshawar, top Auto electrician job training quetta, top Auto electrician job training wah cantt, top Auto electrician job training murree, top Auto electrician job training kotli, top Auto electrician job training mirpur, top Auto electrician job training kahuta, top Auto electrician job training gujar khan, top Auto electrician job training sohawa, Auto electrician jo top Auto electrician job training dina, top Auto electrician job training Jhelum, top Auto electrician job training kharian, top Auto electrician job training gujrat, top Auto electrician job training Gujranwala, top Auto electrician job training kasur, top Auto electrician job training Faisalabad, top Auto electrician job training Sargodha, top Auto electrician job training khushab, top Auto electrician job training mianwali, top Auto electrician job training talagang, top Auto electrician job training pindigheb, top Auto electrician job training attock, top Auto electrician job training taxila, top Auto electrician job training abbottabad, top Auto electrician job training mansehra, top Auto electrician job training muzaffarabad, top Auto electrician job training bagh, top Auto electrician job training rawlakot, top Auto electrician job training hajira, top Auto electrician job training mgora, top Auto electrician job training mardan, Auto electrician job top Auto electrician job training swabi, top Auto electrician job training nowshera, top Auto electrician job training bannu, top Auto electrician job training kohat, top Auto electrician job training dera ismail khan, top Auto electrician job training dera ghazi khan, top Auto electrician job training rahim yar khan, top Auto electrician job training sadiqabad, top Auto electrician job training Bahawalpur, top Auto electrician job training sheikhupura, top Auto electrician job training charsadda, top Auto electrician job training risalpur, Auto electrician institute Rawalpindi, Auto electrician institute Islamabad, Auto electrician institute Pakistan, Auto electrician institute Lahore, Auto electrician institute Karachi, Auto electrician institute Peshawar, Auto electrician institute quetta, Auto electrician institute wah cantt, Auto electrician institute murree, Auto electrician institute kotli, Auto electrician institute mirpur, Auto electrician institute kahuta, Auto electrician institute gujar khan, Auto electrician institute sohawa, Auto electrician institute dina, Auto electrician institute Jhelum, Auto electrician institute kharian, Auto electrician institute gujrat, Auto electrician institute Gujranwala, Auto electrician institute kasur, Auto electrician institute Faisalabad, Auto electrician institute Sargodha, Auto electrician institute khushab, Auto electrician institute mianwali, Auto electrician institute talagang, Auto electrician institute pindigheb, Auto electrician institute attock, Auto electrician institute taxila, Auto electrician institute abbottabad, Auto electrician institute mansehra, Auto electrician institute muzaffarabad, Auto electrician institute bagh, Auto electrician institute rawlakot, Auto electrician institute hajira, Auto electrician institute mgora, Auto electrician institute mardan, Auto electrician institute swabi, Auto electrician institute nowshera, Auto electrician institute bannu, Auto electrician institute kohat, Auto electrician institute dera ismail khan, Auto electrician institute dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician institute rahim yar khan, Auto electrician institute sadiqabad, Auto electrician institute Bahawalpur, Auto electrician institute sheikhupura, Auto electrician institute charsadda, Auto electrician institute risalpur, Auto electrician course Rawalpindi, Auto electrician course Pakistan, Auto electrician course Islamabad, Auto electrician course Pakistan Auto electrician course Lahore, Auto electrician course Karachi, Auto electrician course Peshawar, Auto electrician course quetta, Auto electrician course wah cantt, Auto electrician course murree, Auto electrician course kotli, Auto electrician course mirpur, Auto electrician course kahuta, Auto electrician course course gujar khan, Auto electrician course sohawa, Auto electrician course dina, Auto electrician course Jhelum, Auto electrician course kharian, Auto electrician course gujrat, Auto electrician course Gujranwala Auto electrician course kasur, Auto electrician course Faisalabad, Auto electrician course Sargodha, Auto electrician course khushab, Auto electrician course mianwali, Auto electrician course talagang, Auto electrician course pindigheb, Auto electrician course attock, Auto electrician course taxila, Auto electrician course abbottabad, Auto electrician course mansehra, Auto electrician course muzaffarabad, Auto electrician course bagh, Auto electrician course rawlakot, Auto electrician course hajira, Auto electrician course mgora, Auto electrician course mardan, Auto electrician course swabi, Auto electrician course nowshera, Auto electrician course bannu, Auto electrician course kohat, Auto electrician course dera ismail khan, Auto electrician course dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician course rahim yar khan, Auto electrician course sadiqabad, Auto electrician course Bahawalpur, Auto electrician course sheikhupura, Auto electrician course charsadda, Auto electrician course risalpur, Auto electrician diploma course Rawalpindi, Auto electrician diploma course Pakistan, Auto electrician diploma course Islamabad, Auto electrician diploma course Lahore, Auto electrician diploma course Karachi, Auto electrician diploma course Peshawar, Auto electrician diploma course quetta, Auto electrician diploma course wah cantt, Auto electrician diploma course murree, Auto electrician diploma course kotli, Auto electrician diploma course mirpur, Auto electrician diploma course kahuta, Auto electrician diploma course gujar khan, Auto electrician diploma course sohawa, Auto electrician diploma course dina, Auto electrician diploma course Jhelum, Auto electrician diploma course kharian, Auto electrician diploma course gujrat, Auto electrician diploma course Gujranwala, Auto electrician diploma course kasur, Auto electrician diploma course Faisalabad, Auto electrician diploma course Sargodha, Auto electrician diploma course khushab, Auto electrician diploma course mianwali, Auto electrician Auto electrician diploma course talagang, Auto electrician diploma course pindigheb, Auto electrician Auto electrician diploma course attock, Auto electrician diploma course taxila, Auto electrician diploma course abbottabad, Auto electrician diploma course mansehra, Auto electrician diploma course muzaffarabad, Auto electrician diploma course bagh, Auto electrician diploma course rawlakot, Auto electrician diploma course hajira, Auto electrician diploma course mgora, Auto electrician diploma course mardan, Auto electrician diploma course swabi, Auto electrician diploma course nowshera, Auto electrician diploma course bannu, Auto electrician diploma course kohat, Auto electrician diploma course dera ismail khan, Auto electrician diploma course dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician diploma course rahim yar khan, Auto electrician diploma course sadiqabad, Auto electrician diploma course Bahawalpur, Auto electrician diploma course sheikhupura, Auto electrician diploma course charsadda, Auto electrician diploma course risalpur, best leading Auto electrician institute Rawalpindi, best leading Auto electrician institute Pakistan, best leading Auto electrician institute Islamabad, best leading Auto electrician institute Lahore, best leading Auto electrician institute Karachi, best leading Auto electrician institute Peshawar, best leading Auto electrician institute quetta, best leading Auto electrician institute wah cantt, best leading Auto electrician institute murree, best leading Auto electrician institute kotli, best leading Auto electrician institute mirpur, best leading Auto electrician institute kahuta, best leading Auto electrician institute gujar khan, best leading Auto electrician institute sohawa, best leading Auto electrician institute dina, best leading Auto electrician institute Jhelum, best leading Auto electrician institute kharian, best leading Auto electrician institute gujrat, best leading Auto electrician institute Gujranwala, best leading Auto electrician institute kasur, best leading Auto electrician institute Faisalabad, best leading Auto electrician institute Sargodha, best leading Auto electrician institute khushab, best leading Auto electrician institute mianwali, best leading Auto electrician institute talagang, best leading Auto electrician institute pindigheb, best leading Auto electrician institute attock, best leading Auto electrician institute taxila, best leading Auto electrician institute abbottabad, best leading Auto electrician institute mansehra, best leading Auto electrician institute muzaffarabad, best leading Auto electrician institute bagh, best leading Auto electrician institute rawlakot, best leading Auto electrician institute hajira, best leading Auto electrician institute mgora, best leading Auto electrician institute mardan, best leading Auto electrician institute swabi, best leading Auto electrician institute nowshera, best leading Auto electrician institute bannu, best leading Auto electrician institute kohat, best leading Auto electrician institute dera ismail khan, best leading Auto electrician institute dera ghazi khan, best leading Auto electrician institute rahim yar khan, best leading Auto electrician institute sadiqabad, best leading Auto electrician institute Bahawalpur, best leading Auto electrician institute sheikhupura, best leading Auto electrician institute charsadda, best leading Auto electrician institute risalpur, Auto electrician diploma Rawalpindi, Auto electrician diploma Pakistan, Auto electrician diploma Islamabad, Auto electrician diploma Lahore, Auto electrician diploma Karachi, Auto electrician diploma Peshawar, Auto electrician diploma quetta, Auto electrician diploma wah cantt, Auto electrician diploma murree, Auto electrician diploma kotli, Auto electrician diploma mirpur, Auto electrician diploma kahuta, Auto electrician diploma gujar khan, Auto electrician diploma sohawa, Auto electrician diploma dina, Auto electrician diploma Jhelum, Auto electrician diploma kharian, Auto electrician diploma gujrat, Auto electrician diploma Gujranwala, Auto electrician diploma kasur, Auto electrician diploma Faisalabad, Auto electrician diploma Sargodha, Auto electrician diploma khushab, Auto electrician diploma mianwali, Auto electrician diploma talagang, Auto electrician diploma pindigheb, Auto electrician diploma attock, Auto electrician diploma taxila, Auto electrician diploma abbottabad, Auto electrician diploma mansehra, Auto electrician diploma muzaffarabad, Auto electrician Auto electrician diploma bagh, Auto electrician diploma rawlakot, Auto electrician diploma hajira, Auto electrician diploma mgora, Auto electrician diploma mardan, Auto electrician diploma swabi, Auto electrician diploma nowshera, Auto electrician diploma bannu, Auto electrician diploma kohat, Auto electrician diploma dera ismail khan, Auto electrician diploma dera ghazi khan, Auto electrician diploma rahim yar khan, Auto electrician diploma sadiqabad, Auto electrician diploma Bahawalpur, Auto electrician diploma sheikhupura, Auto electrician diploma charsadda, Auto electrician diploma risalpur.Experiance based diploma with foreign office and embassies attestation for KSA, UAE, MIDDLE EAST, GULF Countries, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Masqat, kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, Al Ain, Ras al-Khaimah, Ajman, Fujairah, Pakistan.

Institute of Professional Edcuaiton & Development